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- The Bible clearly warns that all people shall know opposition from a spiritual realm, from a supernatural adversary, the devil, who is called Satan.
- John 10:10: The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy. (All citations KJV unless indicated)
- II Corinthians 2:11: Lest Satan should get an advantage of us: for we are not ignorant of his devices.
- I Peter 5:8: Be sober, be vigilant, because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour.
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- Just who is this Satan? (See item six of Bibliography below)
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- The highly learned experts of a scientific society readily dismiss any possibility of a spiritual world, and by the authority of their intellects, they resolve the whole matter of Satan with a simple explanation.
- He is a grand superstition, a method ignorant people use to understand what is happening around them.
- He controls all the hocus–pocus activity of daily life through a host of assistants, little demons, who even can grab people from behind bushes.
- He is the reason some people actually try to overcome disease by rubbing the belly of a frog.
- Most important, he is why Halloween is celebrated every year and the whole neighborhood gives candy to children.
- And, these experts conclude that the biblical concept of the devil is just one more example of attempting to present a world view outside of scientific knowledge.
- However, the Bible has no hocus-pocus approach to Satan. It is not written for the imagination or to satisfy idle curiosity.
- Scripture envisions a Satan who can be critically evaluated, providing facts with simplicity and brevity necessary to instruct and to warn.
- All creation came into existence by one God, who set in place moral standards on earth and in heaven.
- Satan was not created evil. Originally, he was God’s highest level assistant, but immorality began when he led a revolt in heaven in a failed effort to seize power, Isaiah 14:12–20; Ezekiel 28;11–19; Revelation 12:1–9.
- Many angels allied with Satan in the rebellion, who are now demons, and who still exist as part of a highly organized, spiritual but evil empire, Matthew 12:24–26; John 8:44; Ephesians 6:12; Revelation 12:8,9. (See III. B., page 93).
- Satan came against Adam and Eve, the first people God created, because they were made in his image and to enlarge the rule of evil. Through temptation and sin, Satan obtained through Adam the legal right of the human race to have dominion over the earth, Genesis 1:26; 2:16,17; 3:6; Matthew 12:24–26; Romans 5:12; Ephesians 6:12.
- However, after Satan’s scheme was accomplished, God demonstrated his infinite goodness and grace in Christ, organizing all history into a plan of redemption for humanity that embraces every age, I John 3:8.
- Satan resists God’s plan and continues to work toward the destruction of every human being. History will culminate with the complete defeat of Satan, who will be expelled from the heavens and sentenced to the abyss of hell and final punishment, Revelation, chp. 20.
- Thus, the Bible presents Satan, demons, and the problem of evil as an awesome and magnificent work of drama arising from the very structure of the universe, and the biblical world view explains even what science cannot, such as —
- What is morality?
- Where did immorality come from?
- What is the force behind evil, such as pestilent insects, blight, killing lesser animals for food, germs, disease, etc.?
- How is the human will so overwhelmed, that normal treatment of mental or physical injury or disease cannot free the addict, the libertine, the harlot, the gambler, the demented?
- Why have all cultures throughout history recognized the power of demons and evil? Only European cultures that arose within the last 200 years explain away the supernatural. Can the discernment of all other humans throughout history be that ignorant?
- [Note: it is actually unscientific and against all logic to find the many effects of evil having no cause but merely coming from chance occurrences].
- Scripture informs the unwary of the danger of evil in a most dignified manner, contrary to folklore views of the supernatural.
- The Bible emphasizes that the human will is subject to free moral choices and the desire to do good or evil affects an individual’s course of life and eternal fate. However, moral choices are under assault by supernatural, organized forces of evil.
- The biblical view is not a folklore presentation of a conflict between dual empires, good and evil, ruled by independent gods. God is supreme and Satan is fallen. God is sovereign, and for the present, Satan only can perpetuate evil, but his doom is sealed.
- Folklore views of the supernatural offer no permanent victory over evil. Demons are in every nook and corner, merely to weigh people down with fear, leaving them to look for charms and incantations.
- Satan and demons are purely spiritual beings, not subject to human sensory perception and above the operation of natural law.
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- Satan resides in the heavens.
- Ephesians 2:2: Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience, cf. I Kings 22:19–23; Job 1:6–12.
- This sphere of spiritual activity is not the third heaven that Paul visited, II Corinthians 12:2, where Christ is seated above all rule, authority, power, and dominion, Ephesians 1:20,21.
- Satan is in the first and second heavens, until he will be cast down to earth for a role in the closing days, Revelation 12:7–12.
- Demons are intelligent, voluntary agents, Mark 5:8–10; Luke 4:33,34.
- They are invisible to people, Psalm 104:4; II Kings 6:15–17; but on occasion they can be seen in the likeness of human form, Genesis 19:1,5; Luke 1:28,29; John 20:11,12; Acts 12:8,9.
- Not all demons are presently with Satan, but some have been chained in hell, II Peter 2:4, apparently having resorted to greater evil in their revolt, Jude 1:6.
- The word demon seems to come from the Greek word root dao, which signifies knowing. The ancient Greeks sought oracles and fortunes from demons, due
to their supernatural knowledge. The design of their evil plots always seems to turn on what they know that their victim does not know.
- Note the knowledge they demonstrate in dealing with Christ.
- They know who he is, Mark 1:24, and they bow before him as the Son of the most high God, Mark 5:6,7.
- They realize there is no fellowship between light and darkness, Luke 8:28, and they entreat favor from Christ, Luke 8:31.
- They understand the future and their own doom, Matthew 8:12.
- Satan exercises power in subtle or blatant schemes set against all who are made in the image of God.
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- The Bible gives many examples of how Satan uses his power.
- I Kings 22:23 — a lying spirit is put in the mouth of Ahab’s prophets to deceive him to go into battle at Ramoth-Gilead.
- Job 1:12,16,19; 2:7 — Satan afflicts Job by lightning, whirlwind, and disease.
- II Corinthians 2:10,11 — Satan can outwit an unforgiving person.
- II Corinthians 4:4 — Satan blinds the minds of unbelievers to keep them from seeing the light of the Gospel.
- II Corinthians 11:14 — Satan masquerades as an angel of light.
- II Corinthians 12:7 — Satan places a thorn in the flesh of Paul.
- I Thessalonians 2:17,18 — Paul’s desire to revisit Thessalonica is frustrated by Satan.
- Ephesians 4:26,29 — Satan can obtain a foothold in a person’s life due to unsubsided anger, stealing, lying, or talking unwholesomely.
- Genesis 3:1–7; Matthew 4:1–10; I Corinthians 7:5; I Thessalonians 3:5 — Satan subjects all people to temptation.
- Matthew 9:32,33; 12:22; Mark 9:18,22; Luke 8:26-36; 13:11–17 — demons cause dumbness, blindness, insanity, suicidal mania, physical injury and defects.
- Note that Satan is active in the church.
- I Timothy 3:1–7 — Satan disgraces inexperienced church leaders who are conceited.
- II Timothy 2:25,26 — Satan entraps those who embrace false teaching.
- Acts 5:1–3 — As soon as the church is formed, members Ananias and Sephira lie to the Holy Spirit.
- Revelation, chaps. 2,3 — Christ addresses seven churches on earth, which represent the universal church, and he notes there exists within them spiritual death, sexual immorality, false doctrine, and even evil works which merit the designation the synagogue of Satan for some believers.
- Luke 22:3,31 — Satan even is able to cause one of Christ’s disciples to fall, Judas, and another to falter, Peter.
- During the temptation of Christ, Satan was able to offer all the kingdoms of the world, for that is delivered unto me; and to whomsoever I will I give it, Luke 4:5,6. The social systems of the world have been shaped by the supernatural power of Satan. The spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience, Ephesians 2:2, establishes a host of unwitting human agents in key positions of power. Outwardly, society seems to be directed by religion and science, by culture, beauty, and elegance; but inwardly, human relations and current events are actually determined by ambition and rivalry, depending on raw force, guided by selfishness and greed.
- Depending on circumstance, the power of evil may be demonstrated in more sensational ways, which even includes performing miracles.
- A prominent feature of Christ’s ministry was releasing demons from outright possession of a person, Mark 1:23–27; 32–34; 5:1–19. (See section V., pages 96–98).
- When people openly experiment with black magic, desire to communicate with the dead, or attempt to discern the future through astrology, tarot cards, or similar devices, they are directly consorting with demons, which is clearly prohibited by Scripture, Deuteronomy 18:10–12.
- Some people actively participate in the Church of Satan, usually on an underground level, but at times, even in the open.
- They worship Satan, seek control of their life circumstances through the spiritual power of evil, and come against anything that is Christian.
- The Satanic Church has standard forms for the priesthood, liturgy, music, and covenant oaths, as well as for rituals that even include blood sacrifice.
- The structure and activity of the Satanic Church is based primarily on mimicking the truth of the person of Jesus Christ.
- At the end of time, Satan will use all power, signs, lying wonders, and every kind of wicked deception, II Thessalonians 2:9,10.
- Satan will even lure all the armies of the earth to gather for the battle of Armageddon, Revelation 16:13–16.
- The more sensational activity of demons reminds the believer of the reality and intensity of the power of evil.
- The Book of Daniel, chapter ten, provides one of the most striking examples of spiritual warfare found in Scripture.
- Daniel is held in captivity in a foreign land due to a great spiritual conflict, which led to the conquest of Israel and Judah.
- He resorts to intense prayer, which includes fasting, to seek guidance from God, verses 2,3.
- He receives a miraculous vision and word, verses
5–9 (which introduce chps. 10–12), from one having the appearance of a man (cf. verses 16,18), who may have been an angel, but whose description in verses 5,6, seems to match that of Christ in Revelation 1:13–16.
- Daniel’s earthly conflict extends to the heavenly realm, as the spiritual messenger was delayed by a demon, until being assisted by an archangel, verses 12–14. Such strong resistance was encountered due to the importance of the answer to Daniels’s prayer, as it is a prophecy on Satanic activity in the end time.
- Due to the vision, Daniel loses his strength, verses 8,16,17;
- but then, he is revived by the messenger, verses 18,19,
- and instructed to be strong and courageous, verse 19.
- The messenger returns to battle chief demons with the archangel, verse 20.
- What is demon possession?
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- Some Christians interpret the biblical incidents of demon possession as a literary symbol.
- They believe that the confrontations with demons found in the Bible actually represent a scientific world view, and that possession should be regarded as insanity or an illness of an unknown cause.
- However, there is no scientific parallel to demons asking Christ for a release into a herd of pigs, Matthew 8:28–34; cf. Mark 5:1–20; Luke 8:26–39.
- Clear evidence of demon possession has been found throughout history, especially in the mission field of non-Christian, non-scientific cultures. [See T. K. Oesterreich, Possession, Demonical and Other, among Primitive Races in Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and Modern Times. New York: R. Lang and R. Smith, Inc., 1930].
- Apparently, in recently more advanced western civilizations, Satan prefers to influence people through intellectual arguments that deny the existence of God and of the spiritual world, and that would be contradicted by blatant examples of demon possession.
- A lot of confusion concerning the nature of demonic activity arose from translating the Bible into English.
- The King James Version changes the word demonize/daimonizomai to possessed, Matthew 4:24; 9:32; Mark 5:15; which actually increases the mystery of the concept.
- To be demonized indicates influence or control over the human will by an evil spirit. The area of influence may merge with the person’s normal character or have a concealed coexistence. When the condition is extreme, the victim does appear to be possessed, with an actual loss of identity. However, today, the common usage of the term possession almost always connotes a mad-man type personality disorder.
- Being demonized is synonymous with the phrase to have a demon or unclean spirit/daimonion or pneuma akatharton exei, Mark 3:30; 7:25; Luke 4:33. In Scripture, the condition clearly is portrayed as an evil spirit dwelling within a victim, just
as a human being resides in a house, Luke 11:24–26. Thus, a person is set free from demonic power, only when the evil spirits are expelled, cast out/ekballo, Matthew 9:33; Mark 1:34; Luke 9:49.
- However, the power of demonic influence occurs in different degrees.
- In the region of the Garasenes, Christ set free two men possessed by a legion of demons, indicating for that time as many as 6,000, which entered and destroyed a herd of 2,000 pigs, Matthew 8:28–34; Mark 5:1–20; Luke 8:26–39.
- Mary Magdalene had seven demons, Luke 8:2.
- Luke 11:24–26, reviews the possibility of being possessed by eight demons.
- Satan comes against people with the ultimate objective of assuming complete control of their lives, which he obtains by their permission, (those whom he may devour, I Peter 5:8).
- Satan negotiated with Christ to receive his worship and to have him deliberately sin. However, Jesus relied on his Father and refused to consent to yielding control of his life to the devil, Matthew 4:1–11; Luke 4:1–13.
- Consorting with evil leads to possession. Any persistent sin gives permission to an evil spirit to take residence within a person and to begin exerting influence. As the victim commits to a sinful life, the spirit assumes greater power and control, and more demons come to join residence.
- Satan may resort to severe trauma to coerce a person to deny God and to assume a life style of sin, such as the trails of Job, chp. 1:13–20. But, Satan cannot prevail against the person who depends on God. Job refused to follow his wife’s advice: Do you still hold fast to your integrity? Curse God and die, 2:9; but, throughout his afflictions, he would not sin, 1:20–22.
- Can a Christian have a demon?
- Some people assume that a Christian cannot be inhabited by a demon, as the believer’s body is the temple of the Holy Spirit.
- They believe that unrepentant sin does not subject the human will of a Christian to the same dire consequences that an ordinary person can experience. They regard Christians as automatically exempt from even the subtle or partial control that an indwelling demon can exert over a person.
- No verse in the Bible indicates that demons are automatically cast out of a person on accepting Christ. When salvation comes to people in actual experience, most often addictions and diseases which are commonly associated with demons continue in force until expelled by decisive resistance.
- Our salvation guarantees that we will receive a new nature when Christ returns, Philippians 1:6; but for now, the Adamic nature continues to coexist with our new identities in Christ, Romans 7:14–25. Thus, we are subject to the forces of sin and demonic power, and we are capable of inviting demons to take control of our flesh.
- For now, Satan and demons reside in the heavens and appear before God, I Kings 22:19–23; Job 1:6–12. Not until the end time will they be cast away from the presence of God, Revelation 12:7,13; 20:1–3. Thus, it should not seem strange for the Holy Spirit to be next to a demonic spirit.
- [Note: the issue of how a Christian may be subject to demonic influence frequently evokes heated emotional reactions. Some Christians insist believers cannot be under an indwelling demonic control. They may describe demonic activity against Christians as only trespassing or infestation. They
often support their position by a discourse on the Greek language, which expands the significance of grammar and ignores the context of biblical passages relating to demons. However, this difference in perspective should not be considered sufficient to warrant divisions in the church].
- Expect opposition!
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- In Christ’s last prayer before his crucifixion, he did not ask that God would take his followers out of the world, but that they would be protected from the evil one, John 17:15.
- Remember, Satan also has a plan for your life. The thief comes to steal, kill, and destroy, John 10:10; gaining advantage of the unsuspecting by device, II Corinthians 2:11; stalking his victims as a roaring lion, I Peter 5:8.
- Satan’s main battleground is the human mind.
- II Corinthians 10:3-5: For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war after the flesh: (For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;) Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God….
- As noted at IV. A., B. (pages 93,94), Satan persuaded Ahab to go into battle, I Kings 22:22: he blinded the minds of them which believe not, II Corinthians 4:4: he takes captive those who fall into his snare of denying the truth, II Timothy 2:25,26. Evil spirits can influence our thoughts.
- Specific demons are assigned to design and create doctrines to deceive and mislead people, I Timothy 4:1
- Satan deals in delusion, either grand or subtle, always arguing like a lawyer, Genesis 3:1-6; Job 2:3–6; Luke 4:1–13.
- He brings strife and confusion, James 3:16, provoking quick emotional reactions, Job 2:9, and seeking deep inner turmoil, Jonah, chp. 4.
- Satan’s favorite device is temptation to sin — but we all sin.
- Confessed sin is forgiven, but not unconfessed sin, I John 1:6-10.
- Even the apostle Paul continued to struggle with sin, Romans 7:14-25; but, he discovered there is no condemnation for those set free by the Law of the Spirit of Life in Christ Jesus, 8:1,2; who are being taught by the Holy Spirit to say no to ungodliness, Titus 2:11,12.
- Satan is looking for a commitment to sin — especially a subtle, persistent betrayal of God’s law and a refusal to acknowledge it.
- How does the believer engage demonic attack? (See item two of Bibliography below)
- The church deals with Satan by merely neglecting him, apparently in the belief he will just die and go away.
- Nothing is taught to pastors about evil in seminaries.
- Christ always gave the power of his authority to his followers, Matthew 10:1; Luke 9:1; 10:9,17. However, today pastors only reluctantly follow in his footsteps in seeking to deliver the oppressed. When forced by circumstance to confront evil, they usually resort to trail and error methods.
- Our pastors speak out on social problems such as poverty or war, but when they encounter deep and immediate personal needs, they often must make referrals to counselors or psychiatrists.
- The demonic realm cannot be seen, measured, or placed under a microscope. In a scientific world, to talk about demons or the forces of evil often violates a social taboo, more stringently observed than even discussing the most explicit sexual matters.
- If demons have supernatural knowledge and power used to oppose all humankind, you must always be asking, always trying to discern, when evil might be at work to destroy your best laid plans.
- Do normally disconnected circumstances seem to be operating in concert to accomplish a particular, undesirable result in your life?
- Satan comes as an angel of light. He knows you — your ways, habits, desires. Does your intended response to a certain situation, no matter how justified, bring about what you want or what Satan wants. It may be that things are happening not by accident but by a certain plan.
- You must rely on the Holy Spirit to understand what is going on around you and to know how to respond.
- Satan wants you to figure out on your own how to react to what he manages to bring to your life. He knows he has more knowledge than you, and you cannot beat him with your own efforts.
- However, God has more knowledge and power than Satan, and as long as you always check with God on how to deal with every problem, Satan cannot win.
- The believer can expect to experience the power of the Holy Spirit in resisting personal demonic attacks.
- Ephesians 1:18,19: The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know…what is the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power….
- Ephesians 6:10: Finally, my brethern, be strong in the Lord and in the power of his might, which arises from holding the spiritual weapons of truth, righteousness, faith, Scripture, salvation (by faith not law), and preaching the Gospel, verses 11–17, and moving forward through prayer and perseverance, verse 18.
- Scripture indicates praising God also brings spiritual power into the believer’s life, II Chronicles 5:13,14; 20:21,22.
- Relying on the gifts of the Spirit also enhances the power in a believer’s life. We can be guided by those in the church with the gifts of discernment, or the word of wisdom or knowledge. The Holy Spirit bestows healing, encouragement, helps, increased faith, even miracles through the gifted ministries of individuals placed in the church. Note Romans 12:6–8; I Corinthians 12:7–11,28–31; Ephesians
4:11,12, for a review of the gifts.
- Christ gave his followers power over Satan. Luke 10:19: Behold, I give you power to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy…. After his ascension, this power comes by the Baptism of the Holy Spirit. Acts 1:4,5,8: Do not leave Jerusalem, but wait for the gift my Father promised…in a few days you will be baptized with the Holy spirit…you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you…. (NIV) — [See Who Is the Holy Spirit?].
- However, the believer should not take lightly the requirements of this power — the degree of faith, Mark 5:25–34; Luke 5:18–26; cf. Genesis 32:24–28; of sacrifice, Matthew 16:24,25; Acts 2:44,45; 4:34; of unity, Acts 2:46; 4:32,33; 5:12; of prayer, Matthew 17:14–21; Acts 16:20–26; of Christ-likeness Acts 19:15; James 4:7; and of being in the will of God, John 5:19–21.
- The believer overcomes demonic attack by standing in the authority of Christ, as Satan already has been defeated.
- Although Satan does have supernatural knowledge and power, only God is all knowing, and only God has absolute power, Genesis 18:13,14; II Chronicles 20:6; Psalm 147:5; 139:1–4; Isaiah 14:27; 43:13; Jeremiah 32:17; Romans 11:33; Hebrews 4:13.
- Our sins our nailed to the cross, and Christ has disarmed spiritual principalities and powers, triumphing over and making a public example of them, Colossians 2:13–15, cf. John 12:31; I Corinthians 15:24–27; I Peter 3:22.
- We are more than conquerors, and no principality or power can separate us from God, Romans 8:37–39.
- Romans 16:20: And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen.
- James 2:19; 4: Thou believest that there is one God: thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble…Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.
- I John 4:4:…greater is he that is in you, than he that is in the world.
- Satan and demons must submit to the name of Jesus Christ, which believers have the right to invoke in the spiritual world against their adversaries.
- To take authority over a demon, first identify its name, which also makes known the character of its scheme. However, thorough discernment usually reveals a host of evil spirits at work to trouble and torment a person’s life, Luke 4:33,34; 8:29,30. Realizing the true extent of demonic opposition is essential to being set free from its power.
- Satanic control readily should be suspected in severe cases of addictions and compulsions, but even the most subtle conditions of a chronic nature might be the result of a demonic influence, such as disappointments, frustrations, tiredness, confusion, restlessness, hindrances to prayer and Bible study, or a persistent cold.
- Ask the Holy Spirit to help you recognize when evil spirits are at work and the exact nature of their influence. Then, take a stand against them. Do not be surprised at how often taking a spiritual stance against evil is necessary.
- Always examine your life for sin, especially subtle, rationalized ways of living, which at first may not seem to be outside the will of God, but which require discernment through the Holy Spirit. Repentance by itself often will cast out a demon.
- In difficult cases of demon confrontation, Christ emphasized to his disciples a greater dependence on prayer, Matthew
17:14–21; cf. Mark 9;14–29; Luke 9:37–43. These situations indicate
involvement with a higher level or increased number of demons.
- Expelling an evil spirit is not exorcism — a ceremony of religious rite involving incantations and magic formulas. The one reference in Scripture to exorcists does not apply to Christ’s followers, Acts 19:13–16.
- Similarly, a curse cannot be cast over a believer, who is protected by the blood of Christ. Proverbs 26:2:…the curse causeless shall not come. Deuteronomy 28:15–68, clearly indicates that being cursed comes from turning from God.
1. Frank and Ida Mae Hammond, Pigs in the Parlor: A Practical Guide to Deliverance — Kirkwood: Impact Christian Books, 1973.
2. Regarding VII. A. (page 99), see Francis MacNutt, Deliverance from Evil Spirits: A Practical Manual — Grand Rapids - Chosen Books, 1995, pp. 34,48,49. This review of the occult world is uncomplicated, providing thorough information and useful insights.
3. Edward F. Murphy, The Handbook for Spiritual Warfare — Nashville: T. Nelson, 1992. Although this work is most laborious, it is actually unique for its extensive approach and could be useful as an academic reference.
4. Sydney H. T. Page, Powers of Evil: A Biblical Study of Satan and Demons — Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1995. This study also is strictly academic but interesting for its exegetical approach.
5. Derek Prince, They Shall Expel Demons: What You Need to Know About Demons – Your Invisible Enemies — Grand Rapids: Chosen Books, 1998.
6. Regarding I., II., III. (pages 91–93), IV. C. (page 94), IV. D. 4., 5., 6. (page 95), V. A. (page 96), VII. E. 5., 6. (pages 101,102), see Merril F. Unger, Biblical Demonology: A Study of Spiritual Forces at Work Today — Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1963, pp. 1–106. Again, this study on the theology of demons would have to be considered academic and laborious by the average Christian.
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This outline constitutes a chapter from Only The Essentials: Clear and Simple Outlines on Complex Theology. Copyright 2001 by Montgomery Paul Webb. All rights reserved. However, permission is granted solely to private individuals to make ten copies of any disc containing this book, to include whatever other publications are available therein from the Church of the Love of Christ, for distribution to friends and acquaintances, on the conditions — 1. that the entirety of the contents of the disc is copied;— 2. and that absolutely no change, addition, or omission is made.
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Chapter outlines include — What Is the Bible? | Can God Be Known? | Who Is Jesus Christ? | Who Is the Holy Spirit? | What Is the Trinity? | What Is the Kingdom Of God? | What Is Faith? | What Is Holiness? and What Is the Law of the Spirit of Life in Christ Jesus? | What Is the Church? | New Testament Giving and Prosperity. | What Is Spiritual Warfare? | Can Anyone Understand Predestination?
Additional chapters include — A Second Call to Reform and the Philosophy of the Church of the Love of Christ. | The Constitution of the Church of the Love of Christ.
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